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Chile Geography

Location
Southern South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Argentina and Peru
Area
total: 756,950 sq km
land: 748,800 sq km Note: includes Easter Island (Isla de Pascua) and Isla Sala y Gomez
water: 8,150 sq km
Area - comparative
Slightly smaller than twice the size of the state of Montana, United States
Land Boundaries
total: 6,171 km
border countries: Argentina 5,150 km, Bolivia 861 km, Peru 160 km
Coastline
6,435 km
Climate
temperate; desert in north; Mediterranean in central region; cool and damp in south
Terrain
low coastal mountains; fertile central valley; rugged Andes in east
Elevation Extremes
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Nevado Ojos del Salado 6,880 m
Natural Resources
copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum, hydropower
Natural Hazards
severe earthquakes; active volcanism; tsunamis

Source: The Central Intelligence Agency

 

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